Our Infrastructure

Taipei City has comprehensive transportation and communications infrastructure. In terms of transportation, Taipei is Taiwan's largest transport hub with three forms of railway (trains, HSR, and the Metro), extensive bus and taxi networks, and the convenient YouBike network to satisfy different transportation requirements. With regards to Taipei's Internet infrastructure, the city has the country's first "seamless network." Fiber optic coverage has already reached 80%, with free Wi-Fi services for residents in many public areas. In addition, in terms of utility costs, Taipei is one of the cheapest cities in the world.

Transportation

The Taipei Railway Station is the transportation center of the city, with 500,000 passengers passing through every day to ride the Metro, HSR, Taiwan Rail, and buses that stop here. Running from the north to the south, the High Speed Rail connects the entire island of Taiwan. Passengers departing from Taipei can arrive at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport within one hour. A two-hour trip will bring you to key industrial areas such as Taoyuan and Hsinchu, forming Taiwan's key industrial corridor.

Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and Taipei Songshan Airport

Taiwan is situated in the center of the Asia-Pacific region, which means that flying out of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport allows rapid connections with major cities such as Tokyo, Seoul, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Manila, Bangkok, and Singapore. According to passenger statistics in 2016, there were more than 17.34 million arrivals/departures and more than 320,000 transit passengers. In the 2015 Airports Council International Airport Service Quality rankings, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport took second place in the 25 to 40 million passenger capacity category. In the Skytrax rankings, also known as the Oscars of the airline industry, the airport placed third among global airports for the second time running in the 30 to 40 million passenger capacity category.

Taipei Songshan Airport is located in downtown Taipei; most of its flights are domestic routes or to China and other Southeast Asian destinations. Passengers can take direct flights to Tokyo's Haneda Airport, Seoul's Gimpo Airport, Shanghai's Hongqiao and Pudong airports, and to Wuhan and Anhui in the mainland. Domestic destinations include Hualien, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and Hengchun.

Related links:Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport flight information
Taipei Songshan Airport flight information

 Taiwan High Speed Rail (HSR)

Taiwan's HSR provides speedy rail services between major cities on Taiwan's west coast. Currently, the HSR serves Nangang, Taipei, Banqiao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Tainan, and Kaohsiung. In 2015, the HSR transported more than 50 million passengers at a top speed of 300 km/hour; with a 99.6% on-time arrival rate. HSR stations provide a range of transfer options: free shuttle buses, bus services, taxis, and bicycle rentals.

Releted Link:HSR schedule information

 Intercity buses

Taipei has five bus transfer stations including the Taipei Railway Station, Taipei City Hall Bus Station, Nangang Station, Yuanshan MRT Station, and Taipei Zoo MRT Station. There are more than 20 transportation service providers to take you to every city and county in Taiwan. Taiwan's largest and most complicated bus station is undoubtedly the Taipei Bus Station located in downtown Taipei; it integrates the services of inter-city buses, Taiwan Rail, the HSR, the Taipei Metro, and the Airport MRT. The station is also conveniently connected to the Taipei City Mall.

Releted Link:Taipei City Bus route information

 Taipei Metro (MRT)

The Taipei Metro system provides a safe, comfortable, and convenient transportation service. Currently, there are 5 lines, 2 branch lines and 117 stations forming a 136.6 km transport network. In 2015, the average daily ridership was 1.97 million passengers with the best reliability rate in the world. The Metro's operating hours are from 6 am to midnight, with trains running every two to eight minutes during peak hours, and every four to 12 minutes during off-peak hours. As a metropolitan mass transit system, the Taipei Metro system will continue to create new services to support city residents on their daily commute.

Taipei Metro information (available in English/Japanese/Korean/Chinese)
Releted Link:Metro route inquiries

 Taiwan Rail

The Taiwan Rail network comprises a western line, eastern line, and south-link line, creating a railway network that surrounds the island and serves as Taiwan Rail's core operational routes. There are a total of 13 operational routes with 226 railway stations as of the end of 2010. The system transports nearly 233 million passengers annually with a maximum speed of 140 km/h; the on-time arrival rate is 94.19%. Ticket categories are divided into regular tickets, group tickets, monthly/yearly tickets, and carriage charters, as well as other ticket types.

Releted Link:Taiwan Rail

 Taxis

Taipei City has the greatest concentration of taxis in Taiwan. In order to improve the quality of taxi services and decrease the amount of time taxis run empty, the Taipei City Public Transportation Office has set up taxi stands at different hot spots to improve the public's taxi riding experience.

Releted Link:Taipei Public Transportation

 City eBus

There are approximately 280 co-operated bus routes in Taipei, with a range of route categories including main roads, shuttle services for the Metro, and mini-buses servicing more remote areas and leisure destinations. The average daily ridership is 1.42 million. In order to offer more convenient services, the city government installed a system in 2009 for all routes that announces the estimated arrival times of incoming buses at bus stops. Citizens can obtain this information through smart signs, websites (including mobile versions), and a telephone hotline.

Releted Link:Taipei City Bus Inquiry Service 5284

 Bicycles

In order to encourage the public to use bicycles for short distance commutes to lower air pollution and fuel consumption, the Taipei City Government and Giant Bicycles have cooperated in the provision and promotion of the YouBike city-wide bicycle rental service. Currently, Taipei City has 268 YouBike rental stations across 12 administrative districts. An EasyCard is all that is required to rent a bike. As of November 30, 2016, more than 70 million people have rented these bikes, which is the highest turnover rate in the world.

Releted Link:YouBike information website

Broadband and Wi-Fi Internet access

According to the Cardiff Metropolitan University's World Knowledge Competitiveness Index, Taiwan's broadband penetration rate is ranked 6th out of 145 territories worldwide, behind only Iceland, South Korea, Hong Kong, the Netherlands, and Denmark. Domestic research has revealed that 86.4% of Taipei's households are connected to the Internet, and nearly 90% own personal computers. Due to the huge number of Internet users, the city government has established Wi-Fi hotspots in many public areas. The general public can easily access free Wi-Fi via the iTaiwan (with more than 5,000 locations) and Taipei Free (9,621 locations) systems. The convenience of Taipei's Internet environment has been recognized by media organizations such as CNN and BBC.


Releted Link:iTaiwan international traveler online registration system website
24-hour toll-free hotline:0800-081-051

Utilities Costs

Taiwan's utilities costs are comparatively inexpensive. Water costs in Taiwan are the second lowest in the world, while residential electricity is the third lowest and industrial electricity is ranked eighth. In comparison with other major Asian cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Seoul, Hong Kong, Singapore, or Tokyo, Taipei's commercial real estate information is transparent and commercial rentals are cheaper. Gasoline, power, and water costs are also comparatively more economical. Civil organizations involved in the construction or operation of major public infrastructure projects in the city can directly utilize the property in question and pay no land tax for a period of five years, as well as enjoy a 50% property tax and 30% deed tax reduction.

Overview: Comparison of Utilities Charges between Major Asian Cities
Overview: Comparison of Utilities Charges between Major Asian Cities

Unit: NT$

City / Utility Taipei Singapore Tokyo Bangkok Seoul Hong Kong Shenzhen Shanghai Beijing Tianjin
Residential water (NT$/m3) 10.84 35.47 49.60 8.5 15.24 27.07 16.48 7.79 47.44 16.72
Industrial water (NT$/m3) 10.84 16.21 24.27 9.5 13.27 18.93 16.50 9.56 45.39 32.01
Residential electricity (NT$/kWh) 2.84 5.03 7.18 5.68 3.48 7.78 5.90 2.95 2.33 6.89
Industrial electricity (NT$/kWh) 2.76 3.72 5.17 4.77 3.03 5.65 4.12 5.47 5.70 5.83
High-grade automotive gasoline 29.80 36.22 46.70 31.42 44.75 40.80 39.20 40.12 41.15 38.40
Information source: ITRI IEK (Q1, 2016)
Water
Taiwan has average annual rainfall of 2,500 mm, which is 2.6 times the global average. In addition, Taipei is situated next to the Feicui Reservoir, which means that the costs for water usage and water retrieval are low. In 2014, the International Water Association surveyed 29 countries worldwide. Taiwan's average cost for a unit of water was NT$9.23 compared to the global average of NT$43.84, which means that water in Taiwan costs one-fifth of the global average, the second lowest in the world. img src="img/page/01/3-11b.jpg" alt="International Water Association" class="block"> Source:International Water Association
Electricity
In August of 2016, the International Energy Agency announced the latest electricity pricing statistics. In 2015, residential electricity costs in Taiwan were the third most competitive in the world, with industrial electricity pricing ranked eighth.
Residential electricity Industrial electricity
Ranking Country NT$/kWh Ranking Country NT$/kWh

1

Mexico

2.4029

1

Norway

1.1273

2

Malaysia

2.8267

2

Sweden

1.8756

3

Taiwan

2.8409

3

United States

2.1994

4

China

2.8555

4

Luxembourg

2.2928

5

Norway

3.0150

5

Mexico

2.6057

6

South Korea

3.4883

6

Finland

2.6944

7

United States

4.0418

7

Denmark

2.7365

8

Hungary

4.0874

8

Taiwan

2.7641

9

Turkey

4.6338

9

The Netherlands

2.8217

10

Israel

4.6702

10

Poland

2.8609

Source:Taiwan Power Company